A thunderstorm could be described as a storm with thunder and lightning. Thunder can be quite frightening because it roars very loudly. They occur when a warm air pocket at the bottom level rises to collide with the cooler air above it. Lightning is a fast and strong electricity discharge from a storm into the floor usually originating from clouds. There are a whole lot of myths accompanying lightning, for example; the tallest buildings are constantly struck by lightning. Another myth is that it doesn’t strike the same place twice. Neither of them is true.
Hazards of Thunder and Lightning This is around two thousand three hundred times more electrical current than what is used in a washing machine. Individuals prone to strikes are those who spend most of their time outdoors in unsheltered places, such as; golfers, farm employees, or hikers. While the majority of lightning strikes take place and keep bound within a storm cloud, about twenty percent of lightning makes contact with the earth. One should not only be worried about an immediate hit, but a strike beside an individual is also worrying since it can be harmful. Whenever lightning strikes there’s a high amount of power in the surrounding environment.
How to Protect Yourself from a Thunderstorm
The first strategy in protecting yourself is to be prepared. Doing some research before going outside is the best way to prevent being trapped in a storm. Check the weather in your town or planned destination by means of a weather app or a newspaper. Before a storm, an individual needs to unplug all the electrical appliances such as televisions because lightning occasionally causes power surges. When there is a thundering roar, you are normally in range of a lightning strike. At ten miles distance from a storm’s centre, lightning can strike.
Things to Do When Staying Inside during a Thunderstorm
While indoors, stay away from windows, doors and skylights as strong winds can break and shatter glasses. In addition, the blinds and curtains of windows and doors should be kept closed. During a lightning strike, metal pipes run lightning. Additional during thunderstorms do not use cell phones or corded electronic equipment such as computers or phones. Electrical wires are good conductors of lightning.
What to Do if Outdoor during a Thunderstorm
If you’re outdoors, look for shelter as soon as possible. However, if there is no shelter near you, try to maintain all metal and electrical apparatus at least twenty centimeters away from your body. If you are exposed to bare ground, squat close to the ground with your head tucked between your knees and put your hands on your knees. Don’t lie on the ground and try not to touch the floor as much as possible. Remember to keep a safe distance away from water and sticks and locate a place of open ground that’s low lying. Avoid contact with water because water conducts electricity and lightning strikes that hit water that’s far away can be dangerous to you if your body is in contact with the same body of water. Low-lying regions are safer as light mainly strikes high objects. What’s more, while sheltering in a tent, an individual should steer clear of metal poles since metal objects attract and conduct lightning. A very safe place to be is in a vehicle, if possible, because lightning will be transmitted throughout the metallic parts of a vehicle and run to the earth via the tires.
After the storm, broken cables or power lines should be avoided. If a person was struck by lighting they normally experience severe burns. Additionally, the strike affects the heart. Consequently, the heartbeat of the sufferer must be checked. As soon as a man or woman has been struck by lightning, call an emergency number on your country because help is needed as soon as possible. Before approaching the victim make sure that there is no possibility of you being struck by the lightning or residual electricity.
In a thunderstorm, it is more likely that most elevated, pointy objects standing alone in an open ground are highly likely to get struck but this is not a certainty. Sometimes even an open floor near a tree can be struck. Hence, the safest areas for shelter during a thunderstorm include;
A car or some other enclosed metallic device is the safest place because the electrical current travels through the metal and is earthed on the floor.
A ditch or a trench can be helpful since these are usually beneath the ground and it’s difficult for the lightning to strike them first.
It’s always important to plan, even when there are non-lightning related storm threats. The key is to take action ahead of time while adjusting your daily routines when you hear of potentially frightening weather forecasts. To Assist in reducing the risk, these strategies can be put into practice:
Practical measures such as trimming overhanging branches or removing clutter from downpipes and gutters are a few basic tasks that may be performed to prevent anyone at home from injury during stormy conditions. Storm-proofing can make a substantial difference between a disaster waiting to happen or peace and security.
Driving during a storm can be harmful. However, if you are caught in a storm while driving, then head for a strong roof area, like a garage. If there isn’t any available shelter, pull to the side of the road and cover your face with clothes for protection from broken glass.
The last, and essential thing to do, is to make sure that all loose items that could blow away are secured before a storm strikes.
A thunderstorm is a combination of the lightning and the thunder. Individuals should always ahead before a storm happens to avoid being trapped in one. However, if a storm is suddenly upon you, you should search for safe places like in uniform shrubs, inside a vehicle or in a trench. While indoors, you should avoid using electrical appliances and specially coded ones as these all conduct electricity. When outdoors, look for flat, bare floor and squat. Avoid water surfaces as they transmit electric currents from a far distance.