Step 1 – Prepare before not after
Prepare before an earthquake strikes, not after. Stock up on emergency food (freeze-dried food), water and an emergency kit for each family member. Remember, don’t eat or drink anything from open compartments particularly if it’s in proximity to broken glass. If the water supply to your house is away, you can drink from the water heater, or from melted ice cubes and canned veggies. Abstain from drinking water from swimming pools and spas. If you can, use water filtration bottles and water purification tablets to clean all the water before consumption.
Measure 2 – Drop, Cover & Hold On If you’re inside, stay put. Get under a desk or table and hold on. Avoid windows and unstable material such as furniture, appliances, knives, etc.. Try not to run from a vibration building. Falling debris may hit you before you make it out.
It does not take long for a building to start to crumble. Especially for older structures that are not up to current building codes. Newer buildings and bridges are designed to mitigate the effects of earthquakes. They are intended to sway and move with the movement instead of being rigid and breaking up.
If you’re outside, get beyond any confining influence, far from constructions, electrical cables, smokestacks, and anything else that may fall on you.
Step 4 – What to do if your driving
In case you’re driving, gradually come to a stop. Move your vehicle out-of-the-way of any action (construction, moving vehicles, etc.) and don’t stop under any scaffold, bridge, tree, light post or hints. Remain inside your car until the point that the shaking stops. Following the trembling stops, and if necessary utilize the first aid supplies in your roadside emergency kit and look for assistance. When you continue, be careful and look out for any obstructions on the road.
Step 5 – What to do if your near mountains
If you’re in hilly territory, watch out for falling rocks, avalanches, trees, and other debris that could be freed by the tremors.
Step 6 – Put on some thick-soled shoes
If you can, put on a few sturdy thick-soled shoes (in case you step on broken glass, garbage, and so forth.)
Step 7 – Watch out for aftershocks
Be aware of the possibility of aftershocks. Another larger tremor may occur when you least suspect it.
The best way is to survive an earthquake is to prepare before it strikes, not after. Get an emergency kit and make a family emergency plan.